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Empires of Coal – Fueling China's Entry into the Modern World Order, 1860-1920 - Stanford Scholarship Online
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Empires of Coal: Fueling China's Entry into the Modern World Order, 1860-1920

Shellen Xiao Wu


This book is about how Chinese views of natural resource management underwent a major change as a result of the late Qing engagement with imperialism and science and argues that modern Chinese views of strategic mineral reserves and natural resources developed in the last decades of the Qing dynasty In the West and in China coal had long been mined and used. What changed in the nineteenth century was the crafting of a global discourse of energy and industrialization, which prominently featured coal. For Qing officials and writers from the late nineteenth century coal became an essential fuel o ... More

Keywords: Self-Strengthening Movement, Zhang Zhidong, Hanyeping, industrialization, mining, geology, science, translation, Pingxiang, engineers

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2015 Print ISBN-13: 9780804792844
Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: September 2015 DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804792844.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Shellen Xiao Wu, author