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Empires of CoalFueling China's Entry into the Modern World Order, 1860-1920$
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Shellen Xiao Wu

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780804792844

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804792844.001.0001

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Geology in the Age of Imperialism, 1890–1923

Geology in the Age of Imperialism, 1890–1923

(p.160) 6 Geology in the Age of Imperialism, 1890–1923
Empires of Coal

Shellen Xiao Wu

Stanford University Press

Chapter Six examines continuities and changes in Chinese views on mining from the imperial period through the Republican era. During the late Qing period, control over natural resources became a symbol of sovereignty against foreign encroachment. The study of geology became a means of resistance against imperialism. In the Chinese discourse the positivist views of Western geology in this period transformed into a matter of anti-imperialist struggle with strong social Darwinian undertones. Republican era geologists actively tried to construct a history of geology motivated by Han nationalism, with the efforts of the late-Qing period largely erased from their revision.

Keywords:   Kang Youwei, Xue Fucheng, Wang Ruhuai, Ding Wenjiang, Zhang Hongzhao, Weng Wenhao, Zhou Shuren, Sheng Xuanhuai, Geographical Magazine, Joseph Needham

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