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Empires of CoalFueling China's Entry into the Modern World Order, 1860-1920$
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Shellen Xiao Wu

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780804792844

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804792844.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 27 September 2021

Geology in the Age of Imperialism, 1890–1923

Geology in the Age of Imperialism, 1890–1923

Chapter:
(p.160) 6 Geology in the Age of Imperialism, 1890–1923
Source:
Empires of Coal
Author(s):

Shellen Xiao Wu

Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804792844.003.0007

Chapter Six examines continuities and changes in Chinese views on mining from the imperial period through the Republican era. During the late Qing period, control over natural resources became a symbol of sovereignty against foreign encroachment. The study of geology became a means of resistance against imperialism. In the Chinese discourse the positivist views of Western geology in this period transformed into a matter of anti-imperialist struggle with strong social Darwinian undertones. Republican era geologists actively tried to construct a history of geology motivated by Han nationalism, with the efforts of the late-Qing period largely erased from their revision.

Keywords:   Kang Youwei, Xue Fucheng, Wang Ruhuai, Ding Wenjiang, Zhang Hongzhao, Weng Wenhao, Zhou Shuren, Sheng Xuanhuai, Geographical Magazine, Joseph Needham

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