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Cities, Business, and the Politics of Urban Violence In Latin America$
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Eduardo Moncada

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780804794176

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804794176.001.0001

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Parties, Clientelism, and Violence

Parties, Clientelism, and Violence

Exclusionary Political Order in Colombia

(p.34) 2 Parties, Clientelism, and Violence
Cities, Business, and the Politics of Urban Violence In Latin America

Eduardo Moncada

Stanford University Press

Chapter abstract: This chapter argues that three inter-related factors explain the historical resilience of exclusionary political order in Colombia. The first is traditional elite party control over state institutions and resources as part of a closed party system. Second is the institutionalization of clientelism as a dominant linkage between citizens and the state. And third is the use of violence as an extension of political competition, a response to threats against the established political order, and a tool for varied armed actors to defend and expand territorial control. By tracing changes in these individual factors as well as the links between them over time, the chapter establishes the broader political context that continues to inform the contemporary politics of urban violence. The discussion shows why political projects in response to urban violence represent valuable opportunities for political, economic, and social actors to preserve and advance their individual interests.

Keywords:   clientelism, political parties, political order, party systems, Colombia, urban violence, armed actors

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