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Cities, Business, and the Politics of Urban Violence In Latin America$
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Eduardo Moncada

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780804794176

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804794176.001.0001

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Reshaping Political Order and Criminal Coexistence

(p.55) 3 Medellin
Cities, Business, and the Politics of Urban Violence In Latin America

Eduardo Moncada

Stanford University Press

Chapter abstract: This chapter provides a within-case analysis of contrasting outcomes in the politics of urban violence in Medellin. In the early 1990s disengaged relations between local government and business coupled with fragmented armed territorial control derailed the city’s first participatory political project in response to urban violence. A decade collaborative relations emerged between business and a local government led by mayor Sergio Fajardo, and territorial control shifted into a monopoly under the authority of a former paramilitary leader. This combination helped to successfully sustain a second participatory political project that was used to rebrand Medellin as an emerging global city. The analysis shows that the reality of the Medellin miracle is far more complex than either its political architects or international donors concede, and is emblematic of the significant ways in which the politics of urban violence can reshape political order in major developing world cities.

Keywords:   Medellin, Sergio Fajardo, business, paramilitary, political order, rebrand, global city, territorial control

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