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Cities, Business, and the Politics of Urban Violence In Latin America$
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Eduardo Moncada

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780804794176

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804794176.001.0001

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Building and Branding a Global City

(p.122) 5 Bogota
Cities, Business, and the Politics of Urban Violence In Latin America

Eduardo Moncada

Stanford University Press

Chapter abstract: This chapter shows that Bogota’s first participatory project in response to urban violence emerged out of the surprise electoral victory of Antanas Mockus to the mayor’s office. Strong support from the city’s business community coupled with the atomized nature of armed territorial control with low lethal violence and limited coordination in criminal leadership sustained Bogota’s participatory project. A decade later the election to the mayor’s office of a political leftist, Luis Eduardo Garzón, generated tensions between local government and business regarding proposed amendments to the participatory project’s stance on public space and informal vendors. The chapter reveals how mutual dependence between the public and private sectors and overall alignment in preferences facilitated compromise on this issue while the continued atomized territorial control shielded the mayor against criticism. Today Bogota is considered a model of urban governance in the developing world.

Keywords:   Bogota, Antanas Mockus, Luis Eduardo Garzón, public space, informal vendors, global city, urban governance, territorial control

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