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Contested EmbraceTransborder Membership Politics in Twentieth-Century Korea$
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Jaeeun Kim

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780804797627

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804797627.001.0001

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Beyond “Bamboo Curtain” and “Hermit Kingdom”

Beyond “Bamboo Curtain” and “Hermit Kingdom”

Korean Chinese between Two Socialist Fatherlands

(p.126) Three Beyond “Bamboo Curtain” and “Hermit Kingdom”
Contested Embrace

Jaeeun Kim

Stanford University Press

The successful incorporation of Koreans who remained in Manchuria into communist China led to their disownment by South Korea, yet this incorporation was not necessarily seen as incompatible with their special tie to North Korea. Chapter 3 examines how China, North Korea, and the Korean Chinese embraced or challenged varying interpretations of this transborder tie, and how they reconfigured the boundary and the meaning of the Korean nation. Beyond the realm of ethnic minority policies, it examines the changing management of several cross-border migration flows (both authorized and unauthorized) as a lens with which to explore the unfolding of this relationship. It shows how various forms of cross-border transactions profoundly shaped the war-making, state-making, and nation-making (or unmaking) processes in both countries, as well as the life trajectories of Korean Chinese who straddled their two fatherlands to navigate the turbulent socialist transition in both countries.

Keywords:   socialism, nationalism, ethnic minority, migration control, Korean War, Great Famine, Cultural Revolution, China, North Korea, Korean Chinese

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