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Borderland CapitalismTurkestan Produce, Qing Silver, and the Birth of an Eastern Market$
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Kwangmin Kim

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780804799232

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804799232.001.0001

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(p.1) Introduction
Borderland Capitalism

Kwangmin Kim

Stanford University Press

This chapter offers an overview of the Muslim notables and the scope and structure of capitalistic commercial agriculture they developed in the Xinjiang oasis. In particular, it argues that the Qing empire played a pivotal role in the expansion of the beg enterprise, which caused social tensions within the oasis society resulting in a series of anti-beg and anti-Qing revolts led by Sufi holy man (khwaja). Their story revises the previous narrative on the Qing empire in Central Asia, which was written from a China-centered perspective, and contributes to the global understanding of capitalism by identifying native capitalist developments in Chinese Central Asia, which has often been considered a backwater of world history.

Keywords:   Qing empire, khwaja, Xinjiang, commercial agriculture, capitalism

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