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Borderland Capitalism – Turkestan Produce, Qing Silver, and the Birth of an Eastern Market - Stanford Scholarship Online
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Borderland Capitalism: Turkestan Produce, Qing Silver, and the Birth of an Eastern Market

Kwangmin Kim


This book provides an examination of the Muslim notability (begs) and their development of capitalistic enterprises in Eastern Turkestan under the Qing Empire. The begs, the powerful organizers of trade, agriculture, and labor in the oases, needed the empire and its military as a patron of their capitalistic reorganization of the oasis agriculture and the expansion of their access to new markets and resources. The Qing needed the begs as the foundation of imperial security and as partners in revenue extraction from local agriculture and mining development constituencies. However, the capitalis ... More

Keywords: Qing empire, global capitalism, imperialism, beg, refugees, khwaja, Xinjiang, oasis agriculture, mining, Eastern Turkestan

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2016 Print ISBN-13: 9780804799232
Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2017 DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804799232.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Kwangmin Kim, author
Unversity of Colorado, Boulder