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The Dual ExecutiveUnilateral Orders in a Separated and Shared Power System$
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Michelle Belco and Brandon Rottinghaus

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780804799973

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804799973.001.0001

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A New Theory and Approach to Studying Unilateral Orders

A New Theory and Approach to Studying Unilateral Orders

(p.17) Chapter Two A New Theory and Approach to Studying Unilateral Orders
The Dual Executive

Michelle Belco

Brandon Rottinghaus

Stanford University Press

Chapter 2 presents an organizational model to chart the process of when in the policy process a unilateral order is issued. This model conceptualizes the use of unilateral orders based on the dual roles of the executive at one of three stages in the policy-making process: at the agenda-setting stage before bills have been introduced into the legislative process, during the president’s bargaining with Congress after bills have reached the agenda, and when the president is implementing law passed by Congress. This provides a basis for exploring the theoretical expectations derived from the institutional and power-sharing arrangements.

Keywords:   unilateral orders, agenda, bills

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