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The Dual ExecutiveUnilateral Orders in a Separated and Shared Power System$
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Michelle Belco and Brandon Rottinghaus

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780804799973

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804799973.001.0001

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An Independent President or Administrator?

An Independent President or Administrator?

Command and Routine Orders

(p.92) Chapter Five An Independent President or Administrator?
The Dual Executive

Michelle Belco

Brandon Rottinghaus

Stanford University Press

Chapter 5 considers the unilateral actions of the dual roles of the president at the agenda-setting stage, before legislation has been introduced. At this stage, presidents have the incentive and ability to act as administrators to issue a routine order and as independent presidents more likely to issue a command. This is the most familiar and potentially dangerous type of president―those who use their unilateral powers to manage the political system in a way that corresponds to their preferences and their agenda. Because Congress is focused on identifying the topics to include on the agenda and deciding in committee the direction legislation should take, presidents do not necessarily need to work with Congress; instead, they can act independently creating edicts, which they expect others to follow.

Keywords:   agenda, command, manage, routine

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