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The Dual Executive – Unilateral Orders in a Separated and Shared Power System - Stanford Scholarship Online
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The Dual Executive: Unilateral Orders in a Separated and Shared Power System

Michelle Belco and Brandon Rottinghaus


The president serves dual roles in the political system: one who “commands” by pursuing his or her agenda using unilateral orders and one who “administers” and who works to continue proper government function, often with the support of Congress. In a reassessment of the literature on unilateral power, this book considers the president’s dual roles during the stages of the policy-making process. Although presidents may appear to act “first and alone,” the reality is often much different. Presidents act in response to their own concerns, as well as assisting Congress on priorities and the need t ... More

Keywords: president, unilateral, Congress, legislation, constitution

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2017 Print ISBN-13: 9780804799973
Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2018 DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804799973.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Michelle Belco, author
University of Houston

Brandon Rottinghaus, author
University of Houston