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Revolution in the Terra do SolThe Cold War in Brazil$
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Sarah Sarzynski

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781503603691

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503603691.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 22 February 2020

Survival and Resistance

Survival and Resistance

Remembering the Ligas Camponesas in the 1980s

(p.215) 6 Survival and Resistance
Revolution in the Terra do Sol

Sarah Sarzynski

Stanford University Press

After a long silence, in the late 1970s and early 1980s, the Ligas Camponesas resurfaced to critique the dictatorship and demand re-democratization in Brazil. The chapter analyzes how the Ligas Camponesas and the struggles of the 1950s and 1960s were recalled in oral histories and memoirs produced during Brazil’s transition from dictatorship to democracy, including Eduardo Coutinho’s 1984 documentary, Cabra marcado para morrer, a popular historical account about the Ligas and the Northeast during the dictatorship. Expressing many of the political concerns of the era and using “reality effects” including stereotypes associated with the o Nordeste, the film challenged the military’s official history of the Ligas as criminal, suggesting the impossibility of “healing” and a new framework for organizing people’s memories. The chapter analyzes the film’s narratives about family and motherhood in the context of the 1980s and in relation to other militant women’s memories about the coup.

Keywords:   Brazil military dictatorship, oral history, gender, documentary film, social memory, cultural memory, Ligas Camponesas, transition to democracy, transitional justice

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