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In Service of Two MastersThe Missionaries of Ocopa, Indigenous Resistance, and Spanish Governance in Bourbon Peru$
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Cameron D. Jones

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781503604315

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503604315.001.0001

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The Birth of Ocopa, 1709–1742

The Birth of Ocopa, 1709–1742

Chapter:
(p.15) Chapter 1 The Birth of Ocopa, 1709–1742
Source:
In Service of Two Masters
Author(s):

Cameron D. Jones

Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9781503604315.003.0002

Chapter one examines the first three decades of the Apostolic Institute’s presence in Peru. As part of this narrative, chapter one will delve briefly into ethnohistory to illuminate the missionaries’ difficulties with “converting” the local populace. It will explore the friars’ initial attempts to culturally assimilate the natives of the region into mission life and how and why these ethnic groups resisted their efforts, sometimes violently. At the same time, Ocopa’s emerging relationship with the Spanish colonial bureaucracy at its various levels. While Ocopa initially received promises of funding from the Crown, as the chapter discusses, a series of increasingly regalist viceroys refused to fund them consistently. These early failures to aid Ocopa’s evangelization efforts, combined with indigenous resistance to the missionaries’ political, economic, and cultural impositions, led to instability in the missions, which was easily exploited by Juan Santos leading up to the rebellion in 1742.

Keywords:   Apostolic Institute, Asháninka, Yanesha, Marqués de Castelfuerte, Francisco de San Joseph

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