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In Service of Two MastersThe Missionaries of Ocopa, Indigenous Resistance, and Spanish Governance in Bourbon Peru$
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Cameron D. Jones

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781503604315

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503604315.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 27 September 2021

The Bullet and the Bayonet

The Bullet and the Bayonet

(p.147) Chapter 5 The Bullet and the Bayonet
In Service of Two Masters

Cameron D. Jones

Stanford University Press

Chapter five explores how Ocopa’s ability to resist government imposition began to weaken, due to philosophical changes from within its own ranks. As some of the missionaries themselves began to embrace reformist ideas such as evangelization through commerce, viceregal officials found a way to more effectively control Ocopa, through the voluntary participation of some of its own members. The end of this chapter recounts the election of the guardian of Ocopa in 1787, a moment where missionaries more aligned with reformists goals (later known as the Aragonese faction) took control of the leadership of the College with the help of the viceroy.

Keywords:   Francisco Álverez de Villanueva, Manuel de Sobreviela, Council of the Indies, Franciscan Chapter elections, Teodoro de Croix

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