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In Service of Two MastersThe Missionaries of Ocopa, Indigenous Resistance, and Spanish Governance in Bourbon Peru$
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Cameron D. Jones

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781503604315

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503604315.001.0001

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From Apogee to Collapse

From Apogee to Collapse

(p.167) Chapter 6 From Apogee to Collapse
In Service of Two Masters

Cameron D. Jones

Stanford University Press

Chapter six explores Ocopa’s history during the last three and a half decades of Spanish colonial rule in Peru. This period is the apogee of Ocopa’s missionary enterprise under the control of the Aragonese faction. These new leaders fervently began to incorporate many of the economic and political principles behind the Bourbon reforms in their evangelization efforts. This new emphasis was in part an outcome of the new leaders’ philosophical beliefs, but was also implemented to please Crown officials, who exercised more and more authority over the College. The new propaganda worked, and Ocopa was granted its largest concession from the Crown to date, almost complete pastoral control over the newly created diocese of Maynas. Their success, however, was hollow, as miscommunication and incompetence in the Spanish bureaucracy led to confusion and dissension in the diocese. The French invasion of Spain and the wars of independence ultimately sealed Ocopa’s fate.

Keywords:   Mercurio Peruano, Maynas, Peruvian Independence, Spanish American Wars for Independence, Friar Narciso Girbal, Hipólito Sánchez Rangel

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