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The Political Economy of Collective Action, Inequality, and Development$
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William D. Ferguson

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781503604612

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503604612.001.0001

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How Context Inf luences Development

How Context Inf luences Development

A New Typology of Political Settlements

Chapter:
(p.234) 8 How Context Inf luences Development
Source:
The Political Economy of Collective Action, Inequality, and Development
Author(s):

William D. Ferguson

Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9781503604612.003.0009

Political settlements underlie institutional construction and thus a society’s prospects for development. Without some mutually understood method for settling major disputes through politics rather than organized violence, institutions cannot resolve CAPs that impede development. This chapter develops my approach to categorizing political settlements. It offers a framework that permits systematic inquiry into relationships between distributions of power, institutional evolution, and prospects for resolving a series of context-specific CAPs of achieving economic and political development. Political settlements differ fundamentally according to their social foundations’which groups are party to the settlement’and their configuration of authority among insider elites. A four-quadrant typology distinguishes between broad and narrow social foundations and coherent (unipolar) versus disorganized (multipolar) configurations of authority. Additionally, the presence of resource constraints and mutually understood threats to elite political survival conditions motivations to create institutions.

Keywords:   political settlements, institutional systems, social foundations, configurations of authority, multipolar, unipolar, resource constraints, elites, elite political survival, poverty traps

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