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Manipulating Globalization – The Influence of Bureaucrats on Business in China - Stanford Scholarship Online
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Manipulating Globalization: The Influence of Bureaucrats on Business in China

Ling Chen


The era of globalization saw China emerge as the world’s manufacturing titan. However, the “made in China” model—with its reliance on cheap labor and thin profits—has begun to wane. Beginning in the 2000s, the Chinese state shifted from attracting foreign investment to promoting technological competitiveness of domestic firms. This shift, however, caused tensions between winners and losers, leading local bureaucrats to compete for resources in government budget, funding, and tax breaks. While bureaucrats successfully built coalitions to motivate businesses to upgrade in some cities, in others, ... More

Keywords: China, local economy, bureaucrats, businesses, foreign investment, globalization, upgrading, economic policy, varieties of capitalism (VoC), coalitions

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2018 Print ISBN-13: 9781503604797
Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2019 DOI:10.11126/stanford/9781503604797.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Ling Chen, author
Johns Hopkins SAIS