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Brokering Peace in Nuclear EnvironmentsU.S. Crisis Management in South Asia$
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Moeed Yusuf

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781503604858

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503604858.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 21 September 2019

The Kargil Crisis

The Kargil Crisis

Chapter:
(p.53) 3 The Kargil Crisis
Source:
Brokering Peace in Nuclear Environments
Author(s):

Moeed Yusuf

Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9781503604858.003.0004

This chapter examines the 1999 Kargil conflict between India and Pakistan, and establishes that what may otherwise be construed as a classic limited war where major conflict was avoided due to nuclear deterrence was in reality a display of brokered bargaining. This entailed the United States and other major powers ignoring Pakistan’s effort to manipulate the risk of war and its pleas for support to help terminate the crisis while it was in possession of forcibly occupied territory in Indian Kashmir. They deemed Pakistan’s unilateral withdrawal to be the most realistic and efficient way of ensuring crisis termination. India reacted militarily to Pakistan’s provocation but kept its actions limited to retain international goodwill and get the third party to make efforts to ensure Pakistan’s withdrawal. The chapter also analyzes the several risks of escalation introduced due to India’s and Pakistan’s misperceptions of the third party’s outlook toward the crisis.

Keywords:   Kargil, limited war, crisis behavior, brokered bargaining, third-party mediation, crisis signaling, escalation, India, Pakistan, United States

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