Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Brokering Peace in Nuclear EnvironmentsU.S. Crisis Management in South Asia$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Moeed Yusuf

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781503604858

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503604858.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 19 May 2022

The 2001–2002 Military Standoff

The 2001–2002 Military Standoff

(p.83) 4 The 2001–2002 Military Standoff
Brokering Peace in Nuclear Environments

Moeed Yusuf

Stanford University Press

This chapter examines the 2001–2002 military standoff that kept India and Pakistan on the verge of war for ten months. Brokered bargaining characterized crisis behavior of the rivals and the U.S.-led third party. India threatened to use military force but pulled back at critical junctures as the United States acted as a guarantor of Pakistan’s promises of curbing cross-border terrorism and raised India’s costs of defying third-party demands to de-escalate. Pakistan promised retaliation against India and harmed the U.S. military campaign in Afghanistan by withdrawing forces from the Pakistan-Afghanistan border, but this “autonomous” behavior was trumped by its propensity to oblige the United States by accepting some responsibility for anti-India terrorism and acting tangibly against militants. The chapter also analyzes the several risks of escalation introduced by India’s and Pakistan’s misperceptions of the third party’s leverage over the opponent.

Keywords:   2001–2002 standoff, twin peaks crisis, crisis behavior, brokered bargaining, third-party mediation, escalation, terrorism, India, Pakistan, United States

Stanford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.