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Brokering Peace in Nuclear EnvironmentsU.S. Crisis Management in South Asia$
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Moeed Yusuf

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781503604858

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503604858.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 19 October 2019

The 2001–2002 Military Standoff

The 2001–2002 Military Standoff

Chapter:
(p.83) 4 The 2001–2002 Military Standoff
Source:
Brokering Peace in Nuclear Environments
Author(s):

Moeed Yusuf

Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9781503604858.003.0005

This chapter examines the 2001–2002 military standoff that kept India and Pakistan on the verge of war for ten months. Brokered bargaining characterized crisis behavior of the rivals and the U.S.-led third party. India threatened to use military force but pulled back at critical junctures as the United States acted as a guarantor of Pakistan’s promises of curbing cross-border terrorism and raised India’s costs of defying third-party demands to de-escalate. Pakistan promised retaliation against India and harmed the U.S. military campaign in Afghanistan by withdrawing forces from the Pakistan-Afghanistan border, but this “autonomous” behavior was trumped by its propensity to oblige the United States by accepting some responsibility for anti-India terrorism and acting tangibly against militants. The chapter also analyzes the several risks of escalation introduced by India’s and Pakistan’s misperceptions of the third party’s leverage over the opponent.

Keywords:   2001–2002 standoff, twin peaks crisis, crisis behavior, brokered bargaining, third-party mediation, escalation, terrorism, India, Pakistan, United States

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