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Brokering Peace in Nuclear EnvironmentsU.S. Crisis Management in South Asia$
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Moeed Yusuf

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781503604858

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503604858.001.0001

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Brokered Bargaining

Brokered Bargaining

Observations and Lessons for South Asia

(p.157) 6 Brokered Bargaining
Brokering Peace in Nuclear Environments

Moeed Yusuf

Stanford University Press

Drawing on the case studies, this chapter examines the applicability of brokered bargaining in South Asia’s first decade of overt nuclearization and its implications for crisis stability. In each crisis, the concern about escalation forced the United States and other strong states to engage, largely unsolicited, and use a mix of rewards and threats with the regional rivals to achieve de-escalation. Both India and Pakistan eagerly engaged the third-party and oscillated between manipulating the risk of war and deferring to its preferences to gain its support. The process encompassing this dynamic interaction explained both the specific choices and the overall crisis behavior of the three actors. Escalation risks due to the “moral hazard problem,” the “multiple-audience problem,” and the peacetime policy choices of the antagonists and the United States were present.

Keywords:   brokered bargaining, crisis behavior, crisis stability, moral hazard problem, multiple-audience problem, force modernization, India, Pakistan, United States, South Asia

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