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Beyond TechnonationalismBiomedical Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Asia$
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Kathryn C. Ibata-Arens

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781503605473

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503605473.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 10 April 2021

Knowledge and Network Typology

Knowledge and Network Typology

Comparing National Innovation Systems and Entrepreneurial Ecosystems

(p.23) Chapter 2 Knowledge and Network Typology
Beyond Technonationalism

Kathryn C. Ibata-Arens

Stanford University Press

This chapter develops a matrix that plots variations in open/tacit versus closed/codified system architectures supporting or limiting innovation capacity and new-business creation in targeted sectors. Aggregate global- and microlevel data are analyzed to identify concentrations of innovation and firm-level activity. Emerging hubs of knowledge and firm creation in biomedical industries, including biopharmaceuticals, are identified. Aggregate data is supplemented with firm-level case studies and interviews with entrepreneurs, government officials, incubation managers, and investors. The conceptual framework outlined in Chapter 1 and specified in Chapter 2 provides the lens through which innovation and entrepreneurship strategies in China, India, Japan, and Singapore are viewed. The analysis is supplemented with firm-level entrepreneurial case studies.

Keywords:   developmental state, network approaches, networked technonationalism, classic technonationalism, technoglobalism, typology

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