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Between Iran and ZionJewish Histories of Twentieth-Century Iran$
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Lior B. Sternfeld

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781503606142

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503606142.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 13 May 2021

Iranian Jews and Israel

Iranian Jews and Israel

From Indigenous to State-Sponsored Zionism

(p.63) 3 Iranian Jews and Israel
Between Iran and Zion

Lior B. Sternfeld

Stanford University Press

This chapter examines the roots and effects of Zionism in Iran. It analyzes Zionism first as an indigenous movement that emerged in Iran as a response to the needs of Iranian Jews (with relation to the global movement of Zionism) and transformed itself as the needs of Iranian Jews changed in the course of the century. After 1948 and the establishment of Israel, Zionism could no longer be taken as a local movement alone. The contact with Israel and Israeli emissaries and the impact of state-sponsored Zionist activities ignited a new set of emotions and means of identification with or antagonism to Zionism, as well as a whole range of reactions in between. This chapter examines the way Israel dealt with the case of Iranian Jews, which was atypical compared with other Middle Eastern communities. In addition, this chapter examines the responses to Zionism among the non-Jewish intellectual elites in Iran.

Keywords:   Israel, Jalal Al-e Ahmad, Aliyah, MAPAI, MAPAM, Zionism

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