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The Deepest BorderThe Strait of Gibraltar and the Making of the Modern Hispano-African Borderland$
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Sasha D. Pack

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781503606678

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503606678.001.0001

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The End of a Modern Borderland

The End of a Modern Borderland

(p.265) 12 The End of a Modern Borderland
The Deepest Border

Sasha D. Pack

Stanford University Press

This chapter discusses the post-World War II reconfiguration of ethno-religious relations that put an end to the modern trans-Gibraltar borderland society as it had developed over the previous century. Jews and Europeans departed Morocco in haste in the 1950s, their safety increasingly uncertain. Spain waged a protracted campaign to recover Gibraltar from Great Britain, closing the border by 1969. Although the effort failed, it put an end to Gibraltar’s role as a hub for traffic and circulation around the Strait for over a century. New currents of migration brought Africans northward, making Spain substantially multiconfessional for the first time in its modern history. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the new regional conjuncture and some remarks about the historical changes and continuities over the previous centuries.

Keywords:   Jews of Morocco, Morocco, Decolonization of, Francisco Franco, Gibraltar, Migration and Circulation, Nador, Morocco, Ceuta, Melilla

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