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Asia's Regional ArchitectureAlliances and Institutions in the Pacific Century$
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Andrew Yeo

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781503608443

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503608443.001.0001

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Bilateralism, Multilateralism, and the Making of an Alliance Consensus

Bilateralism, Multilateralism, and the Making of an Alliance Consensus

(p.25) 2 Bilateralism, Multilateralism, and the Making of an Alliance Consensus
Asia's Regional Architecture

Andrew Yeo

Stanford University Press

Chapter 2 recounts the origins of bilateralism in Asia and the legitimization of the US-led hub-and-spokes system among Asian elites during the Cold War. It also outlines the rise of ASEAN in the 1960s. Exploring postwar US alliances forged with the Philippines, Japan, South Korea, Australia, and Thailand, I demonstrate how material threats, institutions, and ideas interact to produce an alliance consensus among political elites in Asia. Despite periodic domestic opposition to US alliances, and the weakness of ASEAN, the hub-and-spokes system and ASEAN become entrenched over time.

Keywords:   Historical institutionalism, Asia, alliance consensus, security alliance, ASEAN, Japan, Philippines, Australia, Korea, Thailand

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