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The Encrypted StateDelusion and Displacement in the Peruvian Andes$
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David Nugent

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781503609037

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503609037.001.0001

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Being (and Seeing) Like a State

Being (and Seeing) Like a State

(p.108) 4 Being (and Seeing) Like a State
The Encrypted State

David Nugent

Stanford University Press

This chapter analyzes the efforts of the Pizarro-Rubio casta to implement the central government’s sacropolitically-motivated plans to modernize the Chachapoyas region during the 1920s. The period is an interesting one for scholars of state formation because the developments of the 1920s provide a direct challenge to institutional understandings of the state. According to these views, state formation depends on the ability of central powers to eliminate violence-wielding competitors, who interfere with the monopoly on force the state seeks to establish. The ability of the central government to impose its will in Chachapoyas, however, was contingent not upon the elimination of violence-wielding actors but on their preservation. The fact that the Pizarro-Rubio had succeeded in eliminating all competing elite factions meant that the clients of the ruling casta were able to work together to ensure that government projects proceeded un a timely and efficient manner.

Keywords:   conscription, legibility, surveillance, modernization, state formation

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