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Education and Intergenerational Social Mobility in Europe and the United States$
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Richard Breen and Walter Müller

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781503610163

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503610163.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 27 September 2021

Education as an Equalizing Force

Education as an Equalizing Force

How Declining Educational Inequality and Educational Expansion Have Contributed to More Social Fluidity in Germany

Chapter:
(p.122) Chapter Six Education as an Equalizing Force
Source:
Education and Intergenerational Social Mobility in Europe and the United States
Author(s):

Reinhard Pollak

Walter Müller

Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9781503610163.003.0006

The chapter examines the role of education in social mobility among men and women in Germany during the twentieth century. It analyses two pathways of how a person’s social class origin affects her or his own class position: First, an education-mediated path, where a person’s social origin influences her or his educational attainment, which in turn influences the social class position she or he attains in adult life. Second, a path that comprises all the mechanisms not related to formal education by which social origins influence an adult’s social class position. Using data from various large-scale survey programs (ALLBUS, SOEP, NEPS), and based on log-linear modelling and decomposition methods, the chapter shows that in the long run social fluidity increased and that this is mainly associated with a decline in educational inequality and with an strong educational expansion for both men and women over the twentieth century.

Keywords:   social inequality, social mobility, social fluidity, education, social stratification, social class, gender, Germany

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