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Education and Intergenerational Social Mobility in Europe and the United States$
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Richard Breen and Walter Müller

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781503610163

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503610163.001.0001

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Education and Social Fluidity in Contemporary Italy

Education and Social Fluidity in Contemporary Italy

An Analysis of Cohort Trends

(p.196) Chapter Nine Education and Social Fluidity in Contemporary Italy
Education and Intergenerational Social Mobility in Europe and the United States

Carlo Barone

Raffaele Guetto

Stanford University Press

In this chapter we assess whether changes in educational participation have fostered changes in social fluidity in Italy over the twentieth century. By means of log-linear unidiff models and of multinomial logistic regressions, we show that a significant decline of schooling inequalities during the so-called economic miracle fueled an increase in social fluidity, in a context where the association between education and class destinations weakened only slightly. Direct inheritance also declined to some extent in the postwar period. These equalizing trends occurred for both men and women, but were stronger among women, and involved primarily, though not exclusively, the agricultural classes. However, all these trends have flattened out in the youngest cohorts, where social fluidity is highly inertial. Since the process of occupational upgrading has halted in recent decades, the recent stability of relative mobility involves also the stagnation of absolute mobility.

Keywords:   social fluidity, relative mobility, absolute mobility, educational inequality, returns to education, Italy

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