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Between Empire and NationMuslim Reform in the Balkans$
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Milena B. Methodieva

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9781503613379

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503613379.001.0001

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Untangling from Empire

Untangling from Empire

(p.33) 2 Untangling from Empire
Between Empire and Nation

Milena B. Methodieva

Stanford University Press

The newly established Bulgarian state came to encompass a sizable Muslim population. In spite of further emigration, in the early 20th century there were 600,000 Muslims in Bulgaria. A living legacy of Ottoman rule in the region, they became the country’s most sizable minority that was implicitly connected with the Ottoman state. This chapter follows Bulgaria’s efforts to administer and govern these Muslim populations, particularly in view of doubts about their loyalties and concerns that they could become the channels of Ottoman intervention in its internal affairs. It also looks at the question of the place the Muslims and different Muslim groups assumed in the emerging Bulgarian national imagination. The Ottomans, for their part, were faced with the question of finding new ways to maintain connections with this community.

Keywords:   Bulgarian-Ottoman relations, Muslim emigration, Turks, Pomaks, Alevi/Kızılbaş, Bulgarian nationalism, religious organization, vakıf, conscription

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