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Writing Occupation – Jewish Émigré Voices in Wartime France - Stanford Scholarship Online
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Writing Occupation: Jewish Émigré Voices in Wartime France

Julia Elsky


Why did some of the most brilliant—but often forgotten—Jewish émigré writers of the first half of the twentieth century choose to write in French as a second language, even as they faced a double exclusion as foreigners and as Jews under Vichy? Jewish writers of Eastern European origin who immigrated to France before the Second World War (including Benjamin Fondane, Romain Gary, Jean Malaquais, Irène Némirovsky, and Elsa Triolet) switched from writing in their languages of origin to writing primarily in French, even when their Frenchness was being violently denied by the state. In this manuscr ... More

Keywords: Vichy, Occupied France, Resistance, Shoah, Holocaust, bilingualism, multilingualism, French literature, Francophonie, Jewish writers

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2020 Print ISBN-13: 9781503613676
Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2021 DOI:10.11126/stanford/9781503613676.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Julia Elsky, author
Loyola University Chicago