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Writing OccupationJewish Émigré Voices in Wartime France$
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Julia Elsky

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781503613676

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503613676.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

Accents in Jean Malaquais’s Carrefour Marseille

Accents in Jean Malaquais’s Carrefour Marseille

(p.63) Chapter 2 Accents in Jean Malaquais’s Carrefour Marseille
Writing Occupation

Julia Elsky

Stanford University Press

This chapter extends further into the years of the Occupation, deepening the analysis of multilingual immigrant identities in French in the Polish-born writer Jean Malaquais’s portrayal of the accents of Eastern and Central European refugees trying to leave France for the Americas through the port of Marseille in 1942. In Planète sans visa (World without Visa), Malaquais reappropriates Jewish refugee accents from the mockery of the antisemitic press to show that accents do not reveal immutable and inassimilable racial traits. On the contrary, they are the spaces in which language plays as well as expressions of the ways intimacy and love are formed. As such, an attachment to the French language is not innate, inherited, or linked to the soil. Malquais’s text demonstrates that French literary language itself is capable of containing multiple registers of ethnicity, including a Jewish accented voice.

Keywords:   Jean Malaquais, Marseille, Vichy, passports, visas, refugees, accents, Emergency Rescue Committee, Varian Fry, Leon Trotsky

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