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Writing OccupationJewish Émigré Voices in Wartime France$
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Julia Elsky

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781503613676

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503613676.001.0001

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European Language and the Resistance

European Language and the Resistance

Romain Gary’s Heteroglossia

(p.93) Chapter 3 European Language and the Resistance
Writing Occupation

Julia Elsky

Stanford University Press

This chapter looks at language choice within the context of Franco-Polish relations in the Resistance in Romain Gary’s novel Éducation européenne. It draws on Mikhail Bakhtin’s concept of heteroglossia to analyze characters who speak in multiple languages but whom Gary represents in French. Gary’s use of heteroglossic French and of multilingualism in the novel is a response to the politics of La France libre, the journal where excerpts from his novel were first published. French and Polish authors of numerous articles focus on links between France and Poland—especially through a shared history of Romantic Revolution—as an expression of European democracy, one that could pave the way for a united Europe in the postwar period. Gary represents this link through language, but he also inserts Jewish language into the discussion, including the Jewish people in a European Resistance.

Keywords:   Romain Gary, Mikhail Bakhtin, La France libre, Free French Forces, Polish government-in-exile, translation, multilingualism, heteroglossia

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