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The Sultan's CommunistsMoroccan Jews and the Politics of Belonging$
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Alma Rachel Heckman

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781503613805

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503613805.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 28 July 2021

The Sultan’s Communists: An Introduction

The Sultan’s Communists: An Introduction

Chapter:
(p.1) The Sultan’s Communists: An Introduction
Source:
The Sultan's Communists
Author(s):

Alma Rachel Heckman

Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9781503613805.003.0001

The introduction presents the main interventions and arguments of the book in the overlapping fields of Jewish Studies, Middle Eastern Studies, Maghrib Studies, and the history of global Communism. It depicts how the precolonial paradigm of Jews as representatives of the sultan, and the sultan as “protector” of the Jews, came under assault in Morocco with the introduction of European colonialism, formalized into French and Spanish Protectorates over Morocco. Across its chapters, the book demonstrates how the precolonial paradigm of “belonging” to the sultan became repurposed for modern Jewish participation in the future independent nation-state of Morocco. Most Jews active in the national liberation movement were members of the Moroccan Communist Party. Across the twentieth century, the book argues that the “Sultan’s Jews” became the “Sultan’s Communists,” demonstrating Moroccan Jewish patriotism and the mutually constitutive nature of “Moroccanness” and “Jewishness.”

Keywords:   Jews, Morocco, Moroccan patriotism, Communism, Zionism, Arab nationalism, Colonialism, Politics of belonging, Dhimmi status, Alliance Israélite Universelle

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