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The Sultan's CommunistsMoroccan Jews and the Politics of Belonging$
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Alma Rachel Heckman

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781503613805

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503613805.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 28 July 2021

Splinters: Disillusion and Jewish Political Life in the New Morocco

Splinters: Disillusion and Jewish Political Life in the New Morocco

Chapter:
(p.143) Chapter 4 Splinters: Disillusion and Jewish Political Life in the New Morocco
Source:
The Sultan's Communists
Author(s):

Alma Rachel Heckman

Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9781503613805.003.0005

Chapter 4 traces the difference between the idealized Morocco of national liberation and the reality of increasing political repression. Splinters formed between Moroccan Jews and Muslims, and between leftist movements and the state. Mass migrations of Moroccan Jews to Israel began in the wake of Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser’s visit to Morocco, the sinking of a ship carrying Jews bound for Israel, and the unexpected death of King Muhammad V. King Hassan II sought to crush leftist movements, forcing the Moroccan Communist Party underground. Two attempted coups against the king and mass popular uprisings only increased repression. Splinters also developed between the majority Jewish community and the Jewish Communists: while most Jews left for Israel, Moroccan Jewish Communists pleaded for Jews to reject Zionism and remain loyal to Morocco. Among Moroccan Jewish Communists, some embraced a more accommodationist approach to the state, while others joined more radical opposition organizations.

Keywords:   Years of Lead, PLS, Pisces, Nasser, UNFP, UNEM, Arabization, Cold War, Israel, Six-Day War

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