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Networked NonproliferationMaking the NPT Permanent$
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Michal Onderco

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9781503628922

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2022

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503628922.001.0001

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“Babes in the Woods”

“Babes in the Woods”

South Africa and the Extension

(p.63) 4 “Babes in the Woods”
Networked Nonproliferation

Michal Onderco

Stanford University Press

Chapter 4 discusses the cooperation between the US and South Africa. While US efforts to “co-opt” South Africa can be traced back to late 1994, the cooperation really started only after a meeting between then vice president of South Africa, Thabo Mbeki, and US vice president Al Gore in late February 1995. Mbeki was instrumental in reversing the position of South Africa, which until then favored a green-light rolling extension. Mbeki also overruled his own party, which favored a one-off, short-term extension. By breaking from both his diplomats and his party, Mbeki created a situation that helped to break the anti-extension block within the Non-Aligned Movement and pave the position toward extension. In this chapter, I scrutinize the domestic process within South Africa in late 1994 and early 1995 as well as the cooperation with the US and the interactions between Mbeki and Gore.

Keywords:   South Africa, nonproliferation, nuclear weapons, 1995, Albert Gore, Thabo Mbeki, DIRCO, Abdul Minty, Peter Goosen, United States

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