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Networked Nonproliferation – Making the NPT Permanent - Stanford Scholarship Online
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Networked Nonproliferation: Making the NPT Permanent

Michal Onderco


The Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) had many opponents when, in 1995, it came up for extension. The majority of parties opposed extension, and experts expected a limited extension as countries sought alternative means to manage nuclear weapons. But against all predictions, the treaty was extended indefinitely, and without a vote. Networked Nonproliferation offers a social network theory explanation of how the NPT was extended, giving new insight into why international treaties succeed or fail. The United States was the NPT's main proponent, but even a global superpower can ... More

Keywords: Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, diplomacy, nonproliferation, extension, nuclear weapons, South Africa, Egypt, Europe, United States, network theory

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2021 Print ISBN-13: 9781503628922
Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2022 DOI:10.11126/stanford/9781503628922.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Michal Onderco, author
Erasmus University Rotterdam